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7 // Climate of Nepal
of Nepal (Click here to get a daily weather report
on Nepal.) Further Reference
Microsoft Encarta 99 Find: Map of Nepal
The student will describe three different climates
that are found in Nepal. The student will list the
three most influential factors that contribute to the
climate of Nepal.
1. Have the students read the information regarding
the climate of Nepal either orally or silently.
2. Define the climate terms with the class. Discuss
places in the United States that might have similar
climates (Hawaii, Georgia, and Alaska).
3. Recap the important facts by questioning the
The three different climates found in Nepal are:
1. a tropical climate
2. a sub-tropic climate
3. an alpine climate
b. The rains, exposures to the sun, and the latitude
of Nepal are the three most influential factors in the
climate of the country.
1. The student will read the selection on the climate
of Nepal and will answer the comprehension questions.
2. The students will color the three different
climates of Nepal on a map using a different color for
1. The students will choose another latitudinal
location for the country of Nepal, and write how the
weather conditions would be affected.
2. The students will research any natural disasters
that have hit Nepal in the last 100 years, and share
this information with the class.
For a country that is roughly the size of North
Carolina, the variety of Nepal's weather is truly
amazing. One could experience a tropical, subtropical,
and an alpine climate all within the same border. The
southern Tarai region has a tropical climate with warm
and humid weather. In the eastern part of the Tarai
region, rainfall measures between 70 to 75 inches a
year, with the monsoon season starting in May and
ending in June.
The central part of the country has a subtropic
climate. The presence of the numerous valleys makes
the climate quite pleasant. When you go up into the
Himalaya Mountains, you enter into an alpine climate.
The temperature is very cold (below freezing at 16,000
feet) and the ground is covered with snow and ice.
There are three factors unique to Nepal that affect
its climate. The first is that Nepal is located
between 20 and 30 degrees latitude, which accounts for
the intense exposure to the sun. This region is called
the subtropical latitudes. The second factor is the
altitude of the mountains. The higher one travels from
sea level, and the weather effects become intensified.
The last factor contributing to the climate of Nepal
is the amount of rainfall. The rainfall can be as much
as 100 inches per year in the Pokhara Valley or as
little as 30 inches per year in Mahendranagar.
1. Name the three different climates in the country of
2. What are the three biggest factors that contribute
to the weather in Nepal and how?
3. On a map of Nepal, color the three different
climates using a different color for each area.
1. Lisa Choegyal, Insight Guides Nepal, Langenscheidt
Publishers Inc., New York, 11378, p. 326.
2. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Copyright
1994-1999, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.
Attach a weather map of Nepal that includes the
tropic, subtropic, and alpine climate. If this is
unavailable, just provide a map of Nepal that the
students could add information on climates. ***
6SC-E6. Describe the distribution and circulation of
the worlds water through ocean currents, glaciers,
rivers, ground water and atmosphere.
Describe and model large-scale and local
E5 Describe natural and human characteristics of
places and use this knowledge to define regions, their
relationships with other regions and their patterns of
change, with emphasis on:
1 common characteristics of regions at local, national
and international scales on the basis of climate,
landforms, ecosystems and culture.
2 patterns of climate, landforms and ecosystems in a
4 the concept of region and how and why regions
5 relationships and interactions among regions.