the ancient period Patan has been playing a vital role
to the history of ancient Nepal of Kathmandu valley.
This city had been a capital city for many states of
valley. By this reason the name of this city was
different according to the ruling place. For example;
Yal, Yupagram, Ashoka Pattan, Manju Pattan, Lalit Pattan,
Lalitpur, Mani Mandal, Patan etc.
In the third century B.C.
Patan city was established by Kirats. This city was ruled by Lichchavi in
sixth century AD and after that broadening by Mallas. In the ancient period,
Kathmandu was a big lake, named Kalidaha. According to the ancient legend
Manjusree was the first person to establish human society in the city after
cutting the dam from the four places that this city was known as Manju Pattan
at first. After the years of Mahaparinirman of Gautam Buddha, Charumati the
daughter of the king Ashoka established four Chaitya in this city. After
establishing many Chaitya by Princess Charumati, this city was named Manju
Pattan, and after that Ashoka Pattan. This is very rich in designing art and
craft. By this reason this city has been decorated by countless Temple,
Chaitya, Shivalaya, Bihar, Pati Pauwa, Stone spout etc. after that this city
took its name Lalit Pattan or the city of fine art.
According to another saying
about Patan, once upon a time, many people were died because of great
starvation. To solve this problem King Narendra Deva and Bandhu Datta's advice
Rato Machchindranath was taken to Nepal Kamarukamaksha of present Assam state,
India, who is a rain God. The people of Patan worship to Rato Machchindranath
as adorned God. In the course of bringing this God, three representatives of
the three states of valley were departure. The representative of Patan was an
old farmer Lalit. He became able to bring Machchindranath to Nepal, carrying
on his shoulder without any rest on the way. By his effort Machchindranath was
established in this city so that this city also becomes Lalitpur.
From the ancient period
adopting owns culture, social tradition norms and values Lalitpur has played a
vital role to presence the art and culture of Nepal. This city has played a
great role in the realm of architecture. By this reason this city has been a
city of mysterious and attraction to the tourists, archaeologist and
historians. The people of this city have been able to presence art and culture
from the beginning period by architecture, wood and stone carving. As a taken
of poof our ancestors have left many artistic Temples, Chaityas, Chapa, Pati,
Bihar, Agan, Stone Spout to uses monuments which are scattered every where in
this city. Among the ancient Buddha Bihar situated in Nepal, more than two
hundred and sixty five big and small Bihar are located in Patan. By this
reason, this city is also known as school of Buddhism.
Patan Durbar square is a
great example of ancient architecture. So that, this side is included in world
heritage site by UNESCO. There are many archaeological site in the Patan area,
Archaeological garden, Guita Tole, Patuk Mound (Kirate Palace) are already
excavated. As a world heritage, the people of this city are preserving ancient
tradition and culture. The people of Patan take as a part of life to
traditional culture and life style. Every year, they are celebrating
continuously much festival from thousand years very cheerfully including the
festival and poojas celebrating different toles many festivals are also
celebrated to the whole year. For example: Buddha Jayanti (celebrating from
hundred years on Baishakah Sukla Purnima), Rato Mechchindranath Rath Jatra,
Mataya, Bhimsen Jatra, Krishna Janmastami, Kumbhesor Mela, Gai Jatra, Ghode
Jatra, Kartik Nach, Ga Pyakha, Narashima Jatra, Punchali Bhuja Jatra, Ganesh
Chauthi (Chatha), Yomari Puhni, Ilhanhe Samyak, Gunla, Holi, Mother's Day,
Father's Day, Mohani, Swanti, Naag Panchami, Pancha Dan etc.
Everyday there occurs the
program of religious dinging. In this ancient city many kinds of traditional
musical instruments used to play which are still on use. The main instruments
were: Dheeme Baja, Rikali, Nayakhee, Neku, Kabaju, Kochakhi, Nagara, Jor
Nagara, Pataya Khee, Dholak, Damaru, Jhayali, kanta Dabadab etc. similarly
many religious festival and celebrations are being celebrated in this city
from the ancient period.
Patan is not only the
religious city of Nepal. The people of Patan able to preserve traditions such
as festival, music and dance, singing religious song, playing musical
instrument and rituals etc. By this reality in this computer age also the
people of developed society cannot forget this city after arriving once. So,
the people of Patan are proud in the realm of preserving tradition.
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